The article discusses the place of religion in the system of school humanitarian education of the Republic of Bashkortostan. At the regional level, one can clearly see what place religion occupies in the picture of the world of subjects of education on two subjects that essentially determine the worldview of schoolchildren. These include “Fundamentals of Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics” and the History of Russia. The study focuses on the following aspects of the topic: the place of religion in textbooks on “Fundamentals of the Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics” and the History of Russia, the form of discourse in the lessons of “Fundamentals of the Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics”, the factors of choosing religious modules of the “Fundamentals of the Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics” course, students 'interest in the history of religion, students' knowledge of Russian religious leaders. The work is based on the analysis of statistical sources, observation, sociological survey of schoolchildren, parents, students, as well as rhetorical analysis of textbooks. As the results of the research show, in Bashkortostan, a low choice of confessional modules guarantees a weak religious socialization of students in the classrooms of the “Fundamentals of the Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics”, since the module reflects the subject's discourse. Schoolchildren of Bashkortostan demonstrate a rather low interest in the history of religion and the biographies of religious figures. The data obtained indicate a low level of confessional identity of schoolchildren in the region.
Keywords: Religious socialization, religion in school, Fundamentals of Religious Cultures and Secular Ethics, confessional identity
About the author
Timur M. Nadyrshin – Junior Researcher at Kuzeev Institute for Ethnological Studies, Subdivision