The article elucidates basic reasons for the origin of the very dangerous situation at the end of 1920s – the early 1930s, being connected with accelerated socialism building, introducing exhausting taxes, state purchases of grain, deliveries of meat, cooperation process, collectivization, and atheism. The paper characterizes the results of failure of these measures that led to expropriation of bread and other product reserves and exiling of heads of peasant families, who did not fulfill State tasks, for various social works. Some families were sent to the remote regions of the Far East and Siberia. The author defines main reasons for the situation in Primorye that provoked agitation, insubordination, escapes into remote territories, and the uprising against the Soviet power. There are determined the main trends, forms, and methods of Old-Believers resistance against the policy of Sovetization, cooperation, collectivization, and introducing atheism. The role of Old-Believers teachers, monks, Councils in organizing resistance of Old-Believers population revealed. The article pays attention to the fact that the development of Soviet National policy and reorganization of indigenous peoples negatively influenced the settling of Old-Believers having taken up local hunting areas. The paper gives leaders’ names of Ulunga (Kuqing) uprising of Old-Believers. An estimate of the basic course of peasant Old-Believers uprising is given. The author provides information about participation of the indigenous peoples in the uprising of Primorye Old-Believers, as well as characterizes the results and consequences of Old-Believers uprising in Primorye in 1932.
Key words: Russians, peasants, Old-Believers, Primorye, cooperation, collectivization, leaders, Councils, uprising, repression
About the author
Argudiaeva Yuliia Victorovna – DSc (History), Professor, Chief Researcher of the Institute of History,
Archaeology, and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS;