In the modern world, there is an increasing tendency for the interconnection of cultures of various peoples and countries, where everything is valuable and significant and makes sense. The more ancient era, the more difficult it is to restore the ancient culture, its original essence. That is why it is important to try to study the spiritual culture of the Kyrgyz people. The Kyrgyz are one of the most ancient peoples of Central Asia, which have a centuries-old history of statehood, ancient traditions of culture and scientific thought. The religious worldviews of the Kyrgyz people, as well as its history, have a peculiar, multilayered history of formation and becoming. Studies of the centuries-long period of development of the religious worldview among the ancient Kyrgyz allow tracing the history of the emergence and formation of the fundamental base of the development of religion, to identify the specific features of its formation associated with the centuries-old original culture, unique natural conditions. The study of ancient beliefs is not only of theoretical interest to recreate the history of the early forms of religion, but also of great practical importance. It is of interest for studying the ethnic history of the ancient Kyrgyz, as the various life processes were reflected in folk ideas, customs and rituals. Many of them are still preserved in the everyday life of the Kyrgyz, which makes it necessary to systematize factual material and determine the genesis of beliefs. The article is aimed to study the evolution of the religious beliefs of the ancient Kyrgyz, as the ancient religious beliefs among the Kyrgyz are not yet sufficiently investigated. The article covers various aspects of the beliefs of the ancient Kyrgyz.
Keywords: religious worldview of the ancient Kyrgyz, totemism, magic, the cult of nature, the cult of the Sun and Fire, rite, custom
About the authors
Gulnara T. Oruzbaeva – PhD (Engineering), Associate Professor at the Department of Engineering and Computer Graphics of
Zhelden Sajakbaev – DSc (Philosophy), Professor at the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences of
Kyrgyz State Technical University n.a I. Razzakov; 66 Aitmatov Ave., Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, 720044