As civilizations and cultures come into contact with one another, there are borrowings and adaptations. However, this process is filtered through certain cultural values. This paper examines some key values in Japanese culture which are expressed in both “religious” and “non-religious” forms. Similar values may be present within other cultures or civilizations but their specific configurations within a particular culture may distinguish one culture from another.

Key words: Japan, religion, values, culture, ethnography.

DOI: 10.22250/2072-8662.2018.4.68-72

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About the author


David C. Lewis – PhD, Visiting Professor, Lecturer at Yunnan University, Temporary Lecturer (2018–2019),

Department of East Asian Studies, University of Cambridge, England; Kunming, China;,