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Historical, political and social processes in the late 19th and mid-20th centuries are reflected in various, on the one hand – universal, on the other – unique radical movements as echoes of common European romantic nationalism, the embodiment of revanchist sentiments, attempt to return to the historical past and search for the lost “golden age”. Croatia, Italy, Germany, France, Romania, Latvia, Spain, Portugal, Brazil, Japan, China and other countries were growing their national identity and political movements. Russian émigré community in Northeast China was no exception. Radical political movements in the period of the first half of the 20th century demonstrated syncretic, mythological and quasi-religious features, synthesizing Slavophilic, Historiosophical, nationalist, fascist, anti-Semitic, Orthodox, civil-religious and other elements. The radicalism of Russian emigrants in Manchuria became a unique phenomenon due to the special, frontier position and internal composition of the diaspora. The attempt of radical political movements of Northeast China to justify the greatness, power and invincibility of Russia and the Russian idea was defeated due to a large number of objective and subjective factors. Nevertheless, this page of Russian history is important not only for the framework of historical discourse and preservation of cultural heritage, but also for the study of ethno-national processes of the current era of globalization.

Keywords: Russian émigré community, Harbin Russians, religion, syncretism, political radicalism, nationalism, fascism

DOI: 10.22250/2072-8662.2020.1.43-66

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About the author 

Evgeniya A. Kontaleva – Senior teacher at the Department of Religious Studies and History of the Amur State University,
Research Fellow at the Laboratory of Archeology and Anthropology of the AmSU;
21 Ignatyevskoe Shosse, Blagoveshchensk, Amur Region, Russia, 675027; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.