The paradigm instability of society actualizes moral and religious themes and provokes an instrumentalist attitude towards religion and, in part, towards morality. The desire to use these forms of social consciousness for political purposes is contrary to their main purpose in society. Morality and religion are united by their closeness to a person in terms of spiritual impact, the formation of a psychology of solidarity at the horizontal level, which distinguishes them from an ideology aimed at creating vertical communication (citizen – state). The essential characteristics of morality are the general significance and priority of social values, which harmonizes personal-public relations. The space of secular morality is limited by this-worldly reality. In the theological system, morality and spirituality (Christian morality) are distinguished as stages of spiritual self-improvement. Moral actions are accepted and approved by society, and spirituality is determined by the acceptance of God. Religion and morality differ institutionally. Religion is structured, which ensures its influence on various spheres of life. The presence of morality in society, as a rule, is hardly noticeable, but its absence is fraught with the spiritual degradation of society.
Key words: religious conservatism, synthetic unifying religion, politicization of religion and morality, “reasonable egoism” as an ethical category, the principle of moral autonomy
About the author
Juliet B. Byazrova – Ph.D. (Philosophy), Assistant Professor at Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences, North Ossetian State University;