The article analyzes the ethnographic data collected by D.D. Travin on the Pechora River mainly among Russian Old Believers in the village of Ust-Tsilma and surrounding villages. The obtained materials are stored in the MAE RAS in the form of field diaries, photo and object collections. Some of these sources will be introduced into academic circulation for the first time. Attention is drawn to ethno-confessional practices and stereotypes that lead to the formation of boundaries between different communities living in conditions of long-term contact. Various forms of barriers, however, do not affect the processes of interethnic interaction in the framework of the production and extraction of resources for living in the conditions of the north (commercial fishing, reindeer herding, hunting). D.D. Travin witnessed how the traditional culture of the Old Believers began to be exposed to external socio-political factors, not without the participation of representatives of the new government, whose activists were representatives of communities other than the Old Believers. It was in the 1920s in Ust-Tsilma with the direct participation of representatives of the Nenets community and visitors from Arkhangelsk that the first Komsomol organization was formed, one of the tasks of which was to combat the religious traditions of the Old Believers.
Key words: Pechora River, Ust-Tsilma, Old Believers, Russians, Nenets, Komi-Izhemtsy, ethno-confessional stereotypes, resources, D.D. Travin, MAE RAS
About the author
Denis S. Ermolin – Cand. Sc. (History), Academic Secretary; Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography RAS;